Crime Prevention Tips
Citizens’ involvement in the anti-crime campaign need not require direct participation in the police action. By not allowing one’s self to be a victim of crime is already a personal victory against criminality. Awareness and vigilance by citizens is all that matters to deny criminal elements any opportunity to make a move.
This compilation of “Crime Prevention Tips”, is our way of promoting awareness among our citizens on the various modes of operation employed by criminal elements. Being forewarned about these modes of crime should heighten our collective vigilance in making our streets and communities safe for our families.
Preventing crime is better than solving it. And, it should start from the very person who is likely to fall victim.
Modus Operandi of Different Criminal Gangs
“Ipit” Gang modus operandi is conducted by different criminal gangs entirely separate and unknown from each other which is usually composed of three to five persons both male and female, posing as passengers on public utility vehicles such as jeeps, buses and LRT and MRT coaches. While the vehicle is moving, suspects will shove on the victim to create distraction while another malefactor starts pick-pocketing or bag slashing. A member will merge himself with the passengers and serve as the look out and will also serve as the stopper whenever someone tries to react or run after the suspects.
“LAGLAG BARYA GANG”
This Gang’s modus usually involves two to three members. They start by approaching the would-be-victim discreetly and will l drop coins or small bills near the unsuspecting victim. Once the would-be victim grabs the bait, another suspect will start picking the pocket or bag of the victim. Their area of operation is inside passenger jeepneys or buses especially those plying EDSA and
Usually two to three perpetrators are involved in this kind of activity. Their victims are unsuspecting bystanders or passengers, maids, homeowners, entrepreneurs and even the most established businesses. Their scheme is to create a diversion to distract the attention of would-be-victim from their valuables to be carted away by other members. Sometimes, they use a cover story when victimizing residents and business establishments. Their ploy is to get their attention of the would-be victim acting as promo merchant offering home products or a line-man and the like. While the victim is distracted another suspect will sneak inside the residence or business establishment to steal whatever valuable is in sight. The area of operations, are particularly at Fast Food Restaurant, Malls, lodging establishments, residential areas and business.
This gang operates by using either fake currencies or cut-paper bundled with legal currencies, and or fake gold bars. They will pretend as businessmen or well-off individuals currently on business deals. They usually approach the victim using their practiced cover story (i.e. some will say that their associate did not show up and they need to cash-in their dollars to the bank) they will ask the victim to look after their belongings (i.e. bag full of money or gold bars) and will ask for a guarantee that the victim will not run off with the valuables, the suspect will ask for a collateral i.e. cellular phone, jewelries. The con artist then disappears. The area of operations, are mostly near Banks, Malls, Fast food Chains and the like.
“TUTOK KALAWIT GANG”
On an opportune time, members of this gang usually hug or embrace a victim while discreetly poking a sharp object as if they were friends having some fun so as not to attract suspicion from passerby and thereafter divert him of his valuables. The area of operations, are dark streets, parks, mall parking area, bridges and passenger waiting areas.
Crime Prevention Tips On Street Crimes
Robbery is committed by any person/persons, who with intent to gain, shall take any personal property belongings to another, by means of violence against or intimidation of any person, or using force upon things shall be guilty of robbery (Art. 204, RPC).
Teamwork, crime prevention education, community and businesses working together with the police can help reduce the likelihood of robbery.
What to do during a Robbery?
· Try to stay calm. Don’t make any sudden movements to upset the robbers.
· Do exactly as you are told. DO NOT RESIST.
· Activate you’re alarm ONLY if you can do so secretly
· Tell the robber about anything that might surprise him, such as someone who is expected to arrive soon.
· If you have to move or reach, tell the robber what you are going to do and why.
· Try to get a good look at the robber so you can describe him later.
· Don’t be a hero. It’s better to loose your money than your life.
· Give the robber time to leave.
· Note his direction of travel when he leaves.
· Try to get a description of his vehicle ONLY if you can do so without exposing your self to harm.
Prevention in a Business Establishment
· Have at least two employees open and close the business
· Do not release personal information to strangers
· keep purse and personal valuable locked in desk or lockers
· Install a robbery alarm
· Place a surveillance camera behind the cash register facing the front a counter. Replace the videotapes regularly
· Place excess money in safe or deposit it as soon as possible
· Avoid routine bank transactions, rotate banking days and vary times and routes and travel for bank deposits
· Don’s use marked “moneybags” that make it obvious to would-be robbers you are carrying money for deposits.
· Keep a low balance in the cash register
· CALL A POLICE for any suspicious vehicles roaming in the area. Sometimes will also serve as the stopper/cleaner whenever someone tries to react or run after the suspects.
Prevention at Home
· Do not allow strangers into your home, even if they are hurt or say they need help.
· Keep the door locked and CALL THE POLICE for them. Do not advertise that you live alone.
· Don’t be afraid to CALL THE POLICE to investigate suspicious circumstances, unusual people or strange noise. It is better to be safe than sorry.
· When you move into a new home, change the locks.
· Keep your curtains or shades closed at night.
· Never give information to an unknown caller. Report nuisance calls to the police and the telephone company.
· Don’t leave notes on your door announcing when you will be home.
· Keep your doors and windows locked. If it is warn and you leave your door open for circulation, keep the screen door locked.
· If you arrive home and your door is open or things appear to be out of place, don’t go in your home. LEAVE AND CALL THE POLICE.
· Write down license numbers of suspicious vehicles to given to the police, if necessary.
Prevention at Work
· Keep your front doors and windows clear of signs and posters to allow good, to way visibility.
§ Employees can see suspicious persons outside
§ Passers by and police can see inside.
§ Keep the outside of your business well lit at night.
§ Make sure your cash register area is clearly visible to outside observers.
· Practice good cash control. Keep a minimum amount in your cash drawer and make regular drops into a safe.
· Use video camera surveillance and make it well known.
· Always have at least two clerks working at night
· Vary the times and routes that you use to go to the bank
· Make deposits as open often as possible, never less that once a day.
· Be alert fro costumers who seem to be loitering or glancing around the store while appearing to shop or browse through a magazine.
· If you see someone who is acting suspicious inside and outside, call the police to have them checked.
Auto Theft Awareness
Auto theft is a big and profitable business occurring more often in large cities. It can happen in just less than a minute. More cars are seemingly stolen for transportation, while others for the value of their parts. Car thefts seem to occur with greater frequency where large groups of cars are parked for extended periods of time in places such as shopping centers, colleges, sporting events, movie complexes, and large apartment complexes. It occurs in random on different days of the week and times of the day, depending on the locations.
Tips to Avoid being the Victim of a Car Theft
· Never leave your car running unattended, even dash into a business, store, etc.
· Never leave any keys in the car or ignition inside a locked garage, or in hide a key boxes
· Always roll-up your windows and lock the car, even if it is parked in front of your home.
· Always park in high-traffic, well-lighted areas, when possible
· Never leave valuables in plain view, even if your car is locked. Put them in the trunk out of sight
· Install a mechanical device that locks the steering wheel, column, or breaks. These devices will deter some criminals
· Investigate the purchase of a vehicle theft tracking/security system, especially if you own one of the frequently stolen vehicles
· Never leave personal identification documents, vehicle ownership title, or credit cards in your vehicle
· Copy your license plate and vehicle information (VIN) numbers on a card and keep them with you
· If your vehicle is stolen, report it to the police immediately
Remember, there is no guarantee that your car will not be stolen, but taking precautionary measures can minimize your chances of becoming the victim of auto theft.
ATM Safety and Security Tips
Because of the variety of ATMs, the unique characteristics of each installation and crime considerations of each location, no single formula can guarantee the security of ATM costumers. It is necessary for ATM costumers to consider the environment around each ATM and various procedures for remaining safe when using an ATM. Criminals select their victims and targets, focusing on the unaware or unprepared. They are also drawn to environmental conditions that enhance the opportunity to successfully complete their crime.
Appearance that you are totally aware of your surroundings:
· Be aware of your total environment and what is going on around you. Criminals tend to avoid people who have this type of demeanor
· Perform mental exercises and think out what you would do in different crime or personal security situations
· Follow your instincts. If you feel you are in danger, respond immediately. Remember that your personal safety is the first priority.
ATM Selection Considerations
· Do not select an ATM at the corner of the building. Corners create a blind area in close proximity to the costumer’s transactions. Select an ATM located near the center of a building. An ATM further from the corner reduces the element of surprise by an assailant and increase effective reaction time by the user.
· Identify an ATM with maximum natural surveillance and visibility from the surrounding area. This will create a perceived notion of detection by a criminal and increases the potential for witnesses.
· Select an ATM at a location void of barriers blocking the line of sight. This includes shrubbery, landscaping, signs and decorative partitions or dividers. Barriers provide hiding areas for would-be assailants.
· Select an ATM that is in a well-lighted location.
· Select an ATM that is monitored or patrolled by a security officer.
· Select an ATM with a wide angle transaction camera.
· Avoid ATM locations with large perimeters parking lots and numerous ingress and egress points.
Talking with Kids about Drugs
· Don’t put off talking to your children about alcohol and other drugs. Kids worry about pressures to try drugs.
· School programs alone aren’t enough.
· Parents must become involved, but most parents aren’t sure how to tell their children about drugs.
· Open communications is one of the most effective tools you can use in helping your child avoid drugs.
Some tips How to Say Them
· Tell them that you love them and you want them to be happy and healthy.
· Say you do not find alcohol and other illegal drugs acceptable.
· Many parents never state this simple principle. Explain how this use hurts people.
· Physical harm- for example, AIDS, slowed growth, impaired coordination, accidents.
· Emotional harm-sense of not belonging, isolation, paranoia.
· Educational harm-difficulties remembering and paying attention.
· Discuss the legal issues.
· A conviction for a drug offense can lead to time in prison or cost someone a job, driver’s license or college loan.
· Talk about positive, drug free alternatives, and how you can explore them together.
· Some ideas include sports, reading, movies, bike rides, hikes, cooking, games and concerts. Involve your kid’s friends.
Possible Signs that a Child is using Drugs
· Change in moods- more irritable, secretive, withdrawn, overly sensitive, inappropriately angry, euphoric.
· Less responsible-late coming home, late for school or class, dishonest
· Changing friends or changing lifestyles-new interests, Unexplained cash.
· Physical deterioration- difficulty in concentration, loss of coordination, loss of weight, unhealthy appearance.
Why do Kids Use Drugs?
· To do what are friends are doing
· To escape pain in their lives
· To fit in
· For fun
· To take risks
Parents should Take a Stand
· Educate yourself about the facts surrounding alcohol and other drug use. You will lose credibility with your child if your information is not correct.
· Establish clear family rules against drug use and enforce them consistently.
· Develop your parenting skills through seminars, networking with other parents, reading, counseling, and support groups. Work with other parents to set community standards-you don’t raise a child alone.
· Volunteer at schools, youth centers, Boys & Girls Club or other activities in your community.
When crime, drugs, and violence spill over from the streets into the schools, providing a safe learning environment becomes increasingly difficult. More students carry weapons for protection. Gunfights replace fistfights. Many students must travel through drug dealer or gang turf. Violence becomes an acceptable way to settle conflicts. Creating a safe place where children can learn and grow depends on a partnership among students, parents, teachers, and other community institutions to prevent school violence:
· Find out how crime threatens schools in your community
· Take actions to protect children
· Promote nonviolent ways to manage conflict
Here are some practical suggestions for young people, parents, school staff and others in the community.
· Find out how crime threatens schools in your community
· Take actions to protect children
· Promote nonviolent ways to manage conflict
Here are some practical suggestions for young people, parents, school staff and others in the community:
· Learn arguments with words, not fists or weapons
· Report crimes or suspicious activities to the police, school authorities, or parents.
· Learn safe routes for traveling to and from school, and know good places to seek help
· Don’t use alcohol or other drugs, and stay away from places they go. Stay away from places and people associated with them
· Get involved in your schools anti-violence activities-have poster contests against violence, hold anti-drug rallies, volunteer to counsel peers. If there’s no program, help start one
· Sharpen your parenting skills.
· Emphasize and build on your children’s strengths.
· Teach your children how to reduce their risks of becoming crime victims.
· Know where kids are, what they are doing, and whom they are with at all times.
· Help your children learn nonviolent ways to handle frustration, anger and conflict.
· Become involved in your child’s school activities—PTA, field trips, and helping out in class or the lunch room.
· Work with other parents in your neighborhood.
· Evaluate your school’s safety objectively. Set targets for improvement.
· Develop consistent disciplinary policies, good security procedures, and a response plan for emergencies.
· Train school personnel in conflict resolution, problem solving, drug prevention, crisis intervention, cultural sensitivity, classroom management, and counseling skills.
· Work with students, parents, law enforcement, local governments, and community based groups to develop wider-scope crime prevention efforts.
· Law enforcement can report on the type of crimes in the surroundings community and suggest ways to make school safer.
· Community-based groups, church organizations and other service groups can provide counseling, extended learning programs, before and after school activities, school watches and other community crime prevention programs.
· Local business can provide apprenticeship programs, participate in the adopt-a-school programs, or serve as mentors to area students.
· Colleges and universities can offer conflict management courses to teachers or assist school officials in developing violence prevention curricula.
Youth crime harms communities, creates a culture of fear and damages the lives of some of our most vulnerable young people.What causes youth crimes?
· Troubled home life
· Poor attainment at school, truancy and school exclusion
· Drug or alcohol misuse and mental illness deprivation such as poor housing or homelessness
Tips to control Youth Crime
· Give proper education, training or employment
· Rehabilitate those involved in drugs
· Mental health assessment and treatment
· They must involved in sports or any youth activities
EXPLOSIVES AND INCENDIARY DEVICES
Encountering explosive devices and substances, is potentially life threatening. The smallest devices, however plain or innocuous in appearance, have the potential to injure, maim, or fatally wound. Explosive substances come in many shapes and sizes and are classified as either “safe” or “dangerous”.
Different signs that a person can look for which might indicate a possible explosive device.
· Foreign mail, airmail and special delivery
· Restrictive markings such as confidential, personal, etc.
· Excessive postage
· Hand written or poorly typed addresses
· Incorrect titles
· Titles but no names
· Misspelled or common words
· Oily stains of discoloration
· No return address
· Excessive weight
· Rigid envelope
If you believe that the suspicious package may possibly be a bomb, consider the following:
“Do not touch or handle the device; stay away from the device, and; immediately call the police.”
What should someone do after receiving a telephonic bomb threat?
· Immediately call a Police
· Evacuate the location and notify the police from a neighbor’s house or a business.
· Use only conventional telephone, cellular telephone transmissions, have the potential to detonate a bomb.
What should someone say to a caller when he/she warns of a bomb at location?
When a bomb threat is called in to you, attempt to keep the caller on the line as long as possible. Ask him/her to repeat the message and be sure to record every word spoken. If the caller does not indicate the location of the bomb or the time of possible detonation, you should ask him/her for this information. It is a good idea to inform the caller that the building is occupied and the detonation of a bomb could result in death or serious injury to innocent people. As you attempt the caller on the line, listen to any particular background noises such as motors running, background music, and other noise which may give a clue as to the location of the caller. Write down as much information as possible. Listen closely to
The voice quality for any regional accents and for any speech impediment, the caller might posses.
What should someone do if they receive a suspicious package in a Mail?
Explosive devices can be contained in almost anything. Bombs can be constructed to like almost any item and can be delivered in any number of ways. Most bombs are handmade and are limited in their design, only by the imagination of their maker. Letter and package bombs are not new. While the latest incidents have involved political terrorism, such bombs are made for a wide variety of motives. It varies in size, shape, and components. They have electric, non-electric, or other sophisticated firing systems.
Ten Internet Rules for Kids
· Don’t Give your home address, telephone number, or school’s name to anyone you meet on the internet
· Don’t Send anyone your picture, credit card or bank details
· Don’t give your password to anyone, even your best friend.
· Don’t hang around a chat room if someone says or writes something which makes you feel uncomfortable or worried.
· Don’t respond to nasty, suggestive or rude e-mails or postings in UseNet groups.
· Don’t pretend to be anyone you are not.
· Do ask your parent or caregiver first if you plan to meet with someone you’ve met online and arrange a meeting only in a public place.
· Do tell your parent or caregiver if you see bad language or distasteful pictures while you are online.
· Do remember that if someone makes you an offer that is too attractive like getting rich instantly or seeing famous celebrity, the offer is most like a trap.